Ingrown toenail

What is ingrown toenail?

Ingrown toenails are a common toenail problem of uncertain etiology. The great toe is the most commonly involved. The lateral side is involved more commonly than the medial side. With ischemia, inflammation and infection, patient may experience pain, swelling or pus discharge. Most patients are adolescents and adults.


Various causes include poorly fit (tight) footwear, infection, improperly trimmed toenails, trauma, infection, and heredity.


Patients usually complained of having a painful, swollen, and tender toe.  When infection is present, the patient may have local discharge.


Wedge excision of affected nail and removal of inflamed adjacent skin fold.


Q:  How can I prevent ingrown toenail?
A:  Do not cut nail in contact with adjacent nail fold.  Keep the nail edge growing beyond the adjacent nail fold.  Wear wide fore foot shoe.  Keep foot clean.